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Iran nuclear issue: Inspection by the UN of the new complex

The most complex problem in international politics today is with respect to Iran. And in this, the situation is not even about the recent elections, or the divided political powers in Iran; it is about the Iranian nuclear program. Iran has consistently maintained that it has a peaceful nuclear program, and this is allowed by the NPT and by the safe-guards under it. Most of the world believes that this is a cover, and the real intention of the Iranians is to bluster and negotiate while moving to a real nuclear weapons capability. Further complicating details is that the nuclear program is a nationalistic program in Iran, which sees the Israelis as having a very powerful local presence, based on their nuclear devices. In addition, there are 2 more nuclear capable states in the locality – India and Pakistan. All 3 nuclear states have got off pretty easily, and so has North Korea, and so Iran feels that it can build one. The Iranian nuclear program is under the control of the Supreme Leader, the cleric Ayatollah Khameini, and also under the control of the conservative President, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
For many years now, there has been a concerted effort by the western powers, France, Britain, Germany, and the US about how to control and rollback the Iranian effort, but going the sanctions route with the UN Security Council supporting the sanctions is not easy, since Russia and China both have stakes in Iran, and are resisting efforts to have tougher sanctions.

There are also a lot of games being played in the background, with the western countries having spy rings inside Iran, and one of these spy rings detected the presence of another Iranian secret nuclear enrichment facility near the holy city of Qom. This detection forced the Iranians to announce the presence of this nuclear facility in a letter to the IAEA, and there are complex legalities about whether having a secret facility like this was proper or not (Iran claimed that it only had to announce once it reached a certain stage of activity). This announcement however raised more suspicions about the motives of the Iranians, and whether there were more such facilities that were hidden in the country. The Western countries are also racing against another unstated deadline, possible Israeli activity. Israel sees Iran as a deadly enemy, and may act militarily to destroy the Iranian facilities, something that would dramatically escalate tensions. Other powers in the area, such as Saudi Arabia would also be uncomfortable if Iran went ahead and built a bomb (link to article):

ElBaradei urged Iran to submit to more comprehensive inspections because its nuclear program is so advanced. “It would help the agency to have Iran subscribing again to our regulations that allow us to be informed of the construction of nuclear facilities as early as possible,” he said. He also pressed Iran to give the IAEA “the authority for more information, for access to more locations that would enable the agency to provide assurances not only about declared nuclear activity in Iran but also about possible undeclared activities.”
Iran’s top nuclear negotiator Saeed Jalili met with William J. Burns, the U.S. undersecretary of state for political affairs, a senior U.S. official and a diplomatic source confirmed to CNN. The men discussed Iran’s nuclear program, a sit-down described as the first face-to-face meeting between the U.S. and Iran over the program. International powers want inspectors to have free access to Iran’s new facility and have threatened more sanctions if the Islamic republic doesn’t change its ways.

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